History 1483-30: Kevin Butterfield
Due February 15, 9:00 a.m.
The papers in this course are exercises in research and writing. They are designed to enhance both analytical and communication skills and provide a deeper understanding of the interpretive function of thinking about and studying history.
First Paper: Primary Sources
The first paper is a short essay based on primary sources in the course pack and on the explorehistory.org website, which focus on early English attitudes toward settling the New World.
- Richard Hakluyt, “Discourse of Western Planting”
- John Winthrop, “Reasons for the Plantation in New England”
Based on your reading of these sources, answer the following question: How did the English view the idea of settling the New World, and how did those views shape interactions between colonists and American Indians? What clues do these documents contain about how and why English colonial settlement of the New World took the forms that it did?
Details, Requirements and Deadlines
- This paper is worth 100 points (out of 1000 for the class grade), or 10%.
- It is due in the lecture class on Thursday, February 15.
- It should be 1,000-1,200 words (around 3-4 pages in 12-point font).
- Your essay must have a title that reflects your core theme or argument.
- Proofread your paper carefully to avoid spelling and grammatical errors.
- Late papers cannot be accepted without extenuating circumstances.
- You must include footnotes and a bibliography in Chicago Manual of Style format.
- See the information under “Citation Guide” in the writing tutorials.
- Submit the assignment in hard copy and in your discussion section Canvas site.
Writing the Essay
The ExploreHistory web site features tutorials to help you with the following essential elements of a strong paper:
Crafting a Thesis: A strong thesis goes beyond simply reporting what you found; it uses the evidence to broaden, qualify, or even contradict our understanding of an important theme in U.S. history. Your thesis may emerge gradually as you wrestle with your documents in early drafts. In your finished paper, however, feature your thesis in the introduction.
Working the Evidence: Most of a history essay should consist of “evidence paragraphs,” which develop and support the thesis with quotations from the sources. Quote when you’ve made an assertion your reader is unlikely to accept without proof. After you quote, always explain: analyze the quoted material carefully to ensure that your quotations support the points you are making.
Structuring the Essay: As your paragraphs begin to emerge from this process of working the evidence, unify each one with a topic sentence, and arrange them in a sequence that builds toward your strongest claims. Your finished essay should thus feature a clearly sign-posted order as it advances from the introduction through your body paragraphs and, finally, to your conclusion.