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1. Conservatism and Liberalism in the Gilded Age

Primary Source
Article: William Graham Sumner, “What the Social Classes Owe to Each Other”  » Read
Article: Lester Frank Ward, “Mind as a Social Factor”  » Read

Secondary Source
Book Chapter: Joan Fabian Witt, “Crippled Workmen, Destitute Widows, and the Crisis of Free Labor,” The Accidental Republic: Crippled Workingmen, Destitute Widows, and the Remaking of American Law (Chapter 1) » Read

2. Western Settlement in the Gilded Age: The Oklahoma Land Runs

Primary Source
Interview: “An Interview with Mr. William Powell,” Indian Pioneer Papers, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma » Read

Secondary Source
Book Chapter: W. David Baird and Danney Goble, “The Promised Land: Oklahoma Territory” Oklahoma: A History (Chapter 11) » Read (requires password)

3. The Allotment of Indian Lands in the Gilded Age

Primary Source 
Letters: “The Creek Ultimatum of Isparhecher” and “The Cherokees Reply to Isparhecher,” Isparhecher Collection, Folder 22. Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma » Read

Secondary Source
Book Chapter: David Chang, “Raw Country and Jeffersonian Dreams, (part)” The Color of Land: Race, Nation, and the Politics of Landownership in Oklahoma” » Read (requires password)