Please note: Some sources may link directly to the document while others may lead you to the OU Libraries page, where you’ll need your 4×4 to log in, or a special password from your instructor. Once there, be sure to find your topic and document from the list on that page.

  • Reconstruction

    Need Help Finding More Sources? “Find Additional Library Resources”

    1. Reconstruction and Voting Rights

    Primary Source
    Speech: Frederick Douglass, “What the Black Man Wants,”  » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source
    Article: Patrick Williams, “Suffrage Restriction in Post-Reconstruction Texas: Urban Politics and the Specter of the Commune,” The Journal of Southern History » Read
    -OR-
    Article: Eric Foner, “Rights and the Constitution in Black Life during the Civil War and Reconstruction,” The Journal of American History » Read

    2. Reconstruction and Reconciliation

    Primary Source
    Speech: Frederick Douglass, “What the Black Man Wants, April 1865” » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source
    Book Chapter: David W. Blight, “Reconstruction and Reconciliation,” Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory (Chapter 4) » Read
    -Or-
    Article: W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, “Reconstruction and its Benefits,” American Historical Review » Read

    3. Reconstruction in the American West: The Washita River Massacre

    Primary Source
    Interview: “F.F. Ross to Mr. Chester Lamb,” Indian Pioneer Papers. Western History Collections. University of Oklahoma » Read

    Secondary Source
    Book Chapter: Jerome Greene, “Washita,” Washita: The US Army and the Southern Cheyennes, 1867-1869 (Chapter 7)  » Read (requires password)

    4. African-American Identity in the New South

    Primary Source
    Speech: W.E.B. DuBois’s “Niagara Address”  » Read
    Speech: Booker T. Washington’s “Atlanta Exposition Address”  » Read

    Secondary Source
    Article: Dominic J. Capeci Jr. and Jack C. Knight, “Reckoning with Violence: W.E.B. DuBois and the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot,” The Journal of Southern History  » Read

    5. Racial Violence in the New South

    Primary Source
    Postcards:  “Hellhounds”  » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source
    Book Chapter: Leon F. Litwack, “Hellhounds,” Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America  » Read (requires password)
    (Note: The full book is on reserve in the library. Request call number: HV 6459 .W57 2000.)

  • The Gilded Age

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    1. Conservatism and Liberalism in the Gilded Age

    Primary Source
    Article: William Graham Sumner, “What the Social Classes Owe to Each Other”  » Read
    Article: Lester Frank Ward, “Mind as a Social Factor”  » Read

    Secondary Source
    Book Chapter: Joan Fabian Witt, “Crippled Workmen, Destitute Widows, and the Crisis of Free Labor,” The Accidental Republic: Crippled Workingmen, Destitute Widows, and the Remaking of American Law (Chapter 1) » Read

    2. Western Settlement in the Gilded Age: The Oklahoma Land Runs

    Primary Source
    Interview: “An Interview with Mr. William Powell,” Indian Pioneer Papers, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma » Read

    Secondary Source
    Book Chapter: W. David Baird and Danney Goble, “The Promised Land: Oklahoma Territory” Oklahoma: A History (Chapter 11) » Read (requires password)

    3. The Allotment of Indian Lands in the Gilded Age

    Primary Source 
    Letters: “The Creek Ultimatum of Isparhecher” and “The Cherokees Reply to Isparhecher,” Isparhecher Collection, Folder 22. Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma » Read

    Secondary Source
    Book Chapter: David Chang, “Raw Country and Jeffersonian Dreams, (part)” The Color of Land: Race, Nation, and the Politics of Landownership in Oklahoma” » Read (requires password)

     

  • Populism

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    1. Populist Factions

    Primary Source 
    Party Platform: Omaha Platform, National People’s Party Platform. » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Thomas Frank, “The Leviathan with Tentacles of Steel: Railroads in the Minds of Kansas Populists,” Western Historical Quarterly » Read

    2. Western Regionalism

    Primary Source
    Book Chapter: Frederick Jackson Turner, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History” The Frontier in American History » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Book Section: White, Richard. “Frederick Jackson Turner and Buffalo Bill Cody,” The Frontier in American Culture, pp. 7-66. » Read
    Note: The physical book is on reserve at the library. Call Number: (F 596 .W562 1994). The Frontier in American Culture.

  • Progessive Era

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    1. The March of the Mill Children

    Primary Source
    Book Chapter: Mother Jones, “The March of the Mill Children,” Dissent in America: Voices That Shaped a Nation » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: Elliot J. Gorn, “The Children’s Crusade,” Mother Jones: The Most Dangerous Woman in America » Read (requires password)

    2. Hull House and the Peace Movement

    Primary Source 
    Lecture: Jane Addams, “Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements,”  » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Linda Schott, “Jane Addams and William James on Alternatives to War,” Journal of the History of Ideas » Read

    3. Progressive Era Conservation

    Primary Source 
    Speech: Theodore Roosevelt, “Publicizing Conservation at the White House” » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Kevin C. Armitage, “Bird Day for Kids: Progressive Conservation in Theory and Practice,” Environmental History » Read
    Article: Adam Rome, “‘Political Hermaphrodites’: Gender and Environmental Reform in the Progressive Era,” Environmental History » Read

    4. Urban Reform

    Primary Source 
    Book Chapters: Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives  » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Edward T. O’Donnell, “Pictures vs. Words? Public History, Tolerance, and the Challenge of Jacob Riis,” The Public Historian » Read
    Article: Samuel Zipp, “The Roots and Routes of Urban Renewal,” Journal of Urban History » Read

    5. Immigration and Xenophobia

    Primary Source 
    Legislation: National Origins Act of 1924 » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Mae M. Ngai, “The Architecture of Race in American Immigration Law: A Reexamination of the Immigration Act of 1924.” The Journal of American History » Read

  • World War I

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    1. World War I and Trans-National America

    Primary Source 
    Article: Randolph Bourne, “Trans-National America,” from The Atlantic Monthly » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    A) Article: John Higham, “American Immigration Policy in Historical Perspective,” Law and Contemporary Problems » Read
    B) Article: Mae Ngai, “Nationalism, Immigration Control, and the Ethnoracial Remapping of America in the 1920s,” OAH Magazine of History » Read

    2. World War I and American Governance

    Primary Source 
    Legislation: The Espionage Act, » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: David M. Kennedy, “Prologue: Spring, 1917″ Over Here: The First World War and American Society » Read

    3. American Indians and World War I

    Primary Source 
    A) Article: “Indian is a Model Doughboy: Choctaw Hero Chosen to Pose for French Artist’s Soldier Painting,” The Washington Post » Read
    B) Interview: “Interview with Joe Howard,” Indian Pioneer Papers. Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Russel Lawrence Barsh, “American Indians in the Great War,” Ethnohistory  » Read

    4. World War I Propaganda

    Primary Source 
    Speech: Committee on Public Information » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: M. Guy Bishop, “‘Strong Voices and 100 Percent Patriotism’: The Four-Minute Men of Los Angeles County, 1917-1918,” Southern California Quarterly » Read

  • The 1920s

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    1. Herbert Hoover’s Vision for America

    Primary Source 
    Book Chapter: Herbert Hoover, “American Individualism,” American Individualism (Chapter 1) » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Ellis Hawley, “Hoover, the Commerce Secretariat, and the Vision of an ‘Associative State,’ 1921-1928,” The Journal of American History » Read

    2. Harlem Renaissance

    Primary Source 
    Poem: Langston Hughes, “The Negro Speaks of Rivers”  » Read
    Poem: Claude McKay, “If We Must Die” (1917) » Read
    Poem: Countee Cullen, “The Black Christ” (1929) » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: George Hutchinson, “Staging a Renaissance,” Harlem Renaissance in Black and White (Chapter 13)
    » Read (requires password)

    3. The Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s

    Primary Source 
    Article: Hiram Wesley Evans, “The Klan’s Fight for Americanism,”  » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: Kathleen M. Blee, “The Ku Klux Klan in Indiana,” Social Fabric: American Life from the Civil War to the Present » Read (requires password)

    4. The 1920s Ku Klux Klan at the University of Oklahoma

    Primary Source 
    Letter: Edwin DeBarr, “Reminiscence, March 1935,” Lida White Collection, Box 9, Folder 2, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: David W. Levy, “The Rise and Fall and Rise and Fall of Edwin ‘Daddy’ DeBarr,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma » Read (requires password)

    5. The Oklahoma Legislature’s Battle with the Ku Klux Klan

    Primary Source 
    Memo: “Memo from Mrs. James A. Wilson, Realm Commander, to All Grand Officers, Regents, Excellent Commanders and Klanswomen, regarding chartering of Klanhaven,” Ku Klux Klan Women’s Organization Collection, Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Sheldon Neuringer, “Governor Walton’s War on the Ku Klux Klan: An Episode in Oklahoma History 1923 to 1924” The Chronicles of Oklahoma » Read (requires password)

     

  • The Great Depression

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    1. The Great Depression and the New Deal

    Primary Source 
    Speech: Franklin Roosevelt, “Inaugural Address,” March 4, 1933 » Read
    Speech: Franklin Roosevelt, “Fireside Chat on the Banking Crisis,” March 12, 1933 » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Christina Romer, “What Ended the Great Depression?” The Journal of Economic History » Read

    2. The Nation Confronts the Great Depression

    Primary Source 
    Book Chapter: John Steinbeck, Chapter 2, The Harvest Gypsies » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: Caroline Bird, “The Nation Confronts the Great Depression,” Social Fabric: American Life from the Civil War to the Present » Read (requires password)

    3. John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath in Oklahoma

    Primary Source 
    Article: “Guymon Prepares to Shame Grapes,” The Daily Oklahoman » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Martin Staples Shockley, “The Reception of the Grapes of Wrath in Oklahoma,” American Literature » Read

    4. The Dust Bowl

    Primary Source 
    Images: FSA photos on the Dust Bowl at Library of Congress

    • Migrant Mother by Dorothea Lange, 1936 » Read
    • Dust Bowl Refugee from Chickasaw County, Oklahoma by Dorothea Lange, 1934 » Read
    • One of the Pioneer Women of the Oklahoma Panhandle by Arthur Rothstein, 1936 » Read
    • Dust Bowl Farmer Raising Fence, Cimarron County, OK by Arthur Rothstein, 1936 » Read
    • Abandoned Farm, Dust Bowl OK by Rothstein, 1936 » Read
    • Squatters along Highway near Bakersfield by Lange, 1935 » Read
    • Oklahoma Dust Bowl Refugees, San Fernando, CA by Lange, 1935 » Read
    • Home of Dust Bowl Refugee, Imperial Valley by Lange, 1937 » Read
    • Farmer and Sons walking in face of dust storm, Cimarron County by Rothstein, 1936 » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: Donald Worster, “Hard Times in the Panhandle,” Dust Bowl: The Southern Plain in the 1930s. (Chapter 8) » Read (requires password)

     

  • World War II

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    1. World War II: What Our Boys Are Fighting For

    Primary Source 
    Speech: Henry A. Wallace, “Century of the Common Man,”  » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Robert B. Westbrook, “’I Want a Girl, Just Like the Girl that Married Harry James’: American Women and the Problem of Political Obligation in World War II,” American Quarterly » Read

    2. World War II and the Home Front

    Primary Source 
    Executive Order: Executive Order 9066: Resulting in the Relocation of Japanese, February 19, 1942 » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: David M. Kennedy, “The Cauldron of the Home Front,” Freedom From Fear. Part Two, The American People in World War II (Chapter 8) » Read (requires password)

    3. World War II in Oklahoma

    Primary Source 
    A) Article: “Lynchers Hanged,” The Washington Post » Read
    B) Article: “Prisoner from Oklahoma is Captured in France,” New York Times » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Richard S. Warner, “Barbed Wire and Nazilagers: POW Camps in Oklahoma,” The Chronicles of Oklahoma » Read (requires password)

     

  • The Cold War

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    1. Asymmetric Conflict and the Cold War

    Primary Source
    Speech: Harry S. Truman, “President Harry S. Truman’s Address Before a Joint Session of Congress, March 12, 1947” » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Andrew Mack, “Why Big Nations Lose Small Wars,” World Politics » Read

    2. The Cold War at Home, Part I

    Primary Source 
    Speech: Margaret Chase Smith, Declaration of Conscience, 1950 » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: David Halberstam, Chapter 3, The Fifties » Read (requires password)

    3. The Cold War at Home, Part II

    Primary Source 
    Book Chapter: Paul Robeson, “I Take My Stand,” Here I Stand » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Barbara J. Beeching, “Paul Robeson and the Black Press: The 1950 Passport Controversy.” The Journal of African American History » Read

    4. Cold War Censorship in Oklahoma

    Primary Source 
    Letter: “Letter from E.R. Christopher to Tom, August 17, 1950,” E.R. Christopher Collection, Box 13, Folder 2. Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Louise S. Robbins, “Racism and Censorship in Cold War Oklahoma: The Case of Ruth W. Brown and the Bartlesville Public Library,” The Southwestern Historical Quarterly » Read

  • Civil Rights

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    1. Civil Rights and the Cold War

    Primary Source 
    Court Ruling: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Decision » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article:  Mary Dzudziak, “Brown as a Cold War Case,” Journal of American History » Read

    2. Segregation at the University of Oklahoma

    Primary Source 
    A) Article: “Negro to Apply Again for Entry as OU Student,” The Daily Oklahoman » Read
    B) Article: “Class Railings to Segregate Negroes at OU,” The Daily Oklahoman » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Article: John T. Hubbell, “The Desegregation of the University of Oklahoma,” The Journal of Negro History » Read

    3. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement

    Primary Source 
    Letter: Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail. » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Joseph Kip Kosek, “Richard Gregg, Mohandas Gandhi, and the Strategy of Nonviolence,” The Journal of American History » Read

    4. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the American Memory

    Primary Source 
    A) Video: Martin Luther King, Jr., “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop,” » Read
    B) Speech: Full Text of King’s Speech » Read

    Secondary Source 
    Book Chapter: David Chappell, “Legalizing the Legacy,” Waking from the Dream (Chapter 4)   » Read (requires password)

    5. Mass Incarceration in Modern America

    Primary Source 
    Legislation: California’s “Three Strikes” Law (March 1994) and Prop. 184 (November 1994).
    » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source 
    Article: Heather Thompson, “Why Mass Incarceration Matters: Rethinking Crisis, Decline, and Transformation in Postwar American History,” The Journal of American History » Read
    -OR-
    Book excerpt: Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness (excerpt from introduction) » Read

  • Vietnam

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    Primary:
    “Telegram From the Embassy in Vietnam to the Department of State,” Saigon, January 13, 1968 » Read
    Broadcast: Walter Cronkite’s “We Are Mired in Stalemate,”  February 27, 1968 » Read

    Secondary:
    Article: Chester J. Pach, “TV’s 1968: War, Politics, and Violence on the Network Evening News” South Central Review » Read

  • The 1970s

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    1. Richard Nixon

    Primary:
    Speech: Richard Nixon: “Address to the Nation About the Watergate Investigations April 30, 1973” » Read

    Secondary:
    Article: “The Watergate Story” published in The Washington Post
    Part 1 » Read
    Part 2 » Read
    Part 3 » Read
    Part 4 » Read

    2. Post War Environmentalism

    Primary Source
    Book Chapter: Rachel Carson, “And No Birds Sing,” Silent Spring (Chapter 8) » Read (requires password)

    Secondary Source
    Article: Adam Rome, “The Genius of Earth Day,” Environmental History » Read

    3. Environmental Justice

    Primary Source
    Article: Lois Gibbs, “‘It Does Affect You’: Women at Love Canal and Three Mile Island,” Radical America » Read

    Secondary Source
    A) Book Chapter: Elizabeth Blum, “Gender at Love Canal,” Love Canal Revisited (Chapter 2) » Read (requires password)
    B) Book Chapter: Elizabeth Blum, “Race at Love Canal,” Love Canal Revisited, (Chapter 3)  » Read (requires password)

  • The Reagan Era

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    Primary:
    Speech: “The Evil Empire,” President Reagan’s Speech to the House of Commons, June 8, 1982. » Read

    Secondary:
    Article: Daniel Deudney and G. John Ikenberry, “Who Won the Cold War?”  Foreign Policy (Summer 1992) » Read