1. Reconstruction and Voting Rights

Primary Source
Douglass, Frederick. “What the Black Man Wants, April 1865.” Speech reprinted in Dissent in America, 173–75. New York: Pearson Longman, 2008. » Read (requires 4×4 login)
Secondary Source
Williams, Patrick G. “Suffrage Restriction in Post-Reconstruction Texas: Urban Politics and the Specter of the Commune.” The Journal of Southern History 68, no. 1 (February 1, 2002): 31–64. » Read
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Foner, Eric. “Rights and the Constitution in Black Life during the Civil War and Reconstruction.” The Journal of American History 74, no. 3 (1987): 863–83 » Read

2.  Reconstruction and Reconciliation

Primary Source
Douglass, Frederick. “What the Black Man Wants, April 1865.” Speech reprinted in Dissent in America, 173–75. New York: Pearson Longman, 2008. » Read (requires 4×4 login)
Secondary Source
Blight, David W. “Reconstruction and Reconciliation.” In Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory, 98–139. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001. » Read
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Du Bois, W. E. B. “Reconstruction and Its Benefits.” The American Historical Review 15, no. 4 (1910): 781–99 » Read

3. Reconstruction in the American West: The Washita River Massacre

Primary Source
“F.F. Ross to Mr. Chester Lamb, June 19, 1937.” Indian Pioneer Papers. Western History Collections. University of Oklahoma Libraries. » Read
Secondary Source
Greene, Jerome. “Washita.” In Washita: The U.S. Army and the Southern Cheyennes, 1867-1869, 116–61. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 2004. » Read (requires 4×4 login)

4. African-American Identity in the New South

Primary Source
DuBois, W.E.B. “Niagara Movement Speech, 1905.” TeachingAmericanHistory.org  » Read

Washington, Booker T. “Atlanta Compromise Speech, September 18, 1895.” History Matters. George Mason University. » Read
Secondary Source
Capeci, Dominic J., and Jack C. Knight. “Reckoning with Violence: W. E. B. Du Bois and the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot.” The Journal of Southern History 62, no. 4 (November 1, 1996): 727–66. » Read

5. Racial Violence in the New South

Primary Source
Litwack, Leon. “Hellhounds.” In Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America, edited by James Allen, 8–37+. Santa Fe, N.M.: Twin Palms Pub., 2000. » View (requires 4×4 login)  Note:  Primary sources are graphic postcards of lynchings at the end of the chapter. The full book is on reserve in the library. Request call number: HV 6459 .W57 2000.
Secondary Source
Litwack, Leon. “Hellhounds.” In Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America, edited by James Allen, 8–37+. Santa Fe, N.M.: Twin Palms Pub., 2000. » Read (requires 4×4 login) Note: The full book is on reserve in the library. Request call number: HV 6459 .W57 2000.