1. Reconstruction and Voting Rights

Primary Source
Speech: Frederick Douglass, “What the Black Man Wants,”  » Read (requires password)

Secondary Source
Article: Patrick Williams, “Suffrage Restriction in Post-Reconstruction Texas: Urban Politics and the Specter of the Commune,” The Journal of Southern History » Read
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Article: Eric Foner, “Rights and the Constitution in Black Life during the Civil War and Reconstruction,” The Journal of American History » Read

2. Reconstruction and Reconciliation

Primary Source
Speech: Frederick Douglass, “What the Black Man Wants, April 1865” » Read (requires password)

Secondary Source
Book Chapter: David W. Blight, “Reconstruction and Reconciliation,” Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory (Chapter 4) » Read
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Article: W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, “Reconstruction and its Benefits,” American Historical Review » Read

3. Reconstruction in the American West: The Washita River Massacre

Primary Source
Interview: “F.F. Ross to Mr. Chester Lamb,” Indian Pioneer Papers. Western History Collections. University of Oklahoma » Read

Secondary Source
Book Chapter: Jerome Greene, “Washita,” Washita: The US Army and the Southern Cheyennes, 1867-1869 (Chapter 7)  » Read (requires password)

4. African-American Identity in the New South

Primary Source
Speech: W.E.B. DuBois’s “Niagara Address”  » Read
Speech: Booker T. Washington’s “Atlanta Exposition Address”  » Read

Secondary Source
Article: Dominic J. Capeci Jr. and Jack C. Knight, “Reckoning with Violence: W.E.B. DuBois and the 1906 Atlanta Race Riot,” The Journal of Southern History  » Read

5. Racial Violence in the New South

Primary Source
Postcards:  “Hellhounds”  » Read (requires password)

Secondary Source
Book Chapter: Leon F. Litwack, “Hellhounds,” Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America  » Read (requires password)
(Note: The full book is on reserve in the library. Request call number: HV 6459 .W57 2000.)

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