1. Food and Authority in Colonial America

Primary Source
Captain John Smith,”The generall historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles: with the names of the adventurers, planters, and governours from their…”  » Read
Note: Once you access the source, click on the title and read from page 105-106.

Secondary Source
Michael A. Lacombe, “A continuall and dayly Table for Gentlemen of fashion’: Humanism, Food, and Authority at Jamestown, 1607-1609,” American Historical Review » Read

2. Divine Judgement

Primary Source
John Rolfe to Sir Thomas Dale regarding marriage to Pocahontas, » Read

Secondary Source
Edward L. Bond, “Source of Knowledge, Source of Power: The Supernatural World of English Virginia, 1607-1624,” The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography » Read

3. The Labor Problem in Colonial Settlements

Primary Source
Richard Frethorne to his Mother and Father, on indentured servitude, » Read

Secondary Source
Edmund S. Morgan, “The Labor Problem at Jamestown, 1607-18,” American Historical Review » Read

4. Bacon’s Rebellion

Primary Source
Nathaniel Bacon, “Declaration of the People,” » Read
Note: Go to page 59

Secondary Source
Brent Tarter, “Bacon’s Rebellion, the Grievances of the People, and the Political Culture of Seventeenth-Century Virginia,” The Virginia Magazine of History & Biography » Read

5. Class and the Commonalty in Seventeenth-Century Virginia

Primary Source
“Causes of Discontent in Virginia, 1676,” » Read

Secondary Source
Peter Thompson, “The Thief, the Householder, and the Commons: Languages of Class in Seventeenth-Century Virginia,” The William and Mary Quarterly » Read

6. Slavery and Racism in Seventeenth-Century Virginia

Primary Source
Seventeenth-Century Virginia Slave Laws » Read

Secondary Source
Alden Vaughan, “The Origins Debate: Slavery and Racism in Seventeenth-Century Virginia,” The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography » Read

7. First Contact Narratives and the Deification of Europeans

Primary Source
John Heckewelder, “Indian Tradition of the First Arrival of the Dutch at Manhattan Island, now New-York.”  » Read

Secondary Source
Evan Haefeli, “On First Contact and Apotheosis: Manitou and Men in North America,” Ethnohistory » Read

8. Defining Puritanism and Its Role in New England

Primary Source
John Winthrop’s “Christian Experience” » Read (requires password)

Secondary Source
Michael P. Winship, “Were There Any Puritans in New England?” The New England Quarterly » Read

9. Between Two Worlds: Cultural Contact in the New World

Primary Source
Mary Rowlandson, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God, Together with the Faithfulness of His Promises Displayed, Being a Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson, pp. 8-41 » Read

Secondary Source
Jill Lepore, “Dead Men Tell No Tales: John Sassamon Between Two Cultures,” American Quarterly » Read

10. Metacom’s War

Primary Source
Metacom Relates Complaints about the English Colonists Settlers, 1675 » Read

Secondary Source
Jenny Hale Pulsipher, “Massacre at Hurtleberry Hill: Christian Indians and English Authority in Metacom’s War,” The William and Mary Quarterly » Read

11. Indian Borders and Sovereignty

Primary Source
Two Eighteenth-Century Indian Maps:
A) Catawba, 1721 » Read
B) Chickasaw, 1737 » Read (requires password) (See “Nations Amies et Ennemies des Tchicachas”)

Secondary Source
Juliana Barr, “Geographies of Power: Mapping Indian Borders in the ‘Borderlands’ of the Early Southwest,” The William and Mary Quarterly » Read

12. Runaway Slave Advertisements

Primary Source
Runaway Slave Advertisements » Read

Secondary Source
David Waldstreicher, “Reading the Runaways: Self-Fashioning, Print Culture, and Confidence in Slavery in the Eighteenth-Century Mid-Atlantic,” The William and Mary Quarterly » Read

13. The Wild Foods of North America

Primary Source
John Lawson, A New Voyage to Carolina; Containing the Exact Description and Natural History of That Country: Together with the Present State Thereof. And A Journal of a Thousand Miles, Travel’d Thro’ Several Nations of Indians. Giving a Particular Account of Their Customs, Manners, &c. » Read

Secondary Source
Shannon Lee Dawdy, “A Wild Taste’: Food and Colonialism in Eighteenth-Century Louisiana,” Ethnohistory » Read

14. The First Great Awakening: Christian Revivalism in the Colonies

Primary Source
“George Whitefield in Middletown,” in Michael J. Crawford, “The Spiritual Travels of Nathan Cole,” » Read (Go to page 92)
Note: This document is part of a larger set of documents with an introduction that appeared as Michael J. Crawford, “The Spiritual Travels of Nathan Cole,” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 33 (Jan. 1976): 89-126.

Secondary Source
Frank Lambert, “‘Pedlar in Divinity’: George Whitefield and the Great Awakening, 1737-1745,” The Journal of American History »Read

15. Massacres of Native Peoples

Primary Source
Benjamin Franklin, A Narrative of the Late Massacres, in Lancaster County, of a Number of Indians, Friends of this Province, by Persons Unknown. With Some Observations on the Same » Read

Secondary Source
Elizabeth A. Fenn, “Biological Warfare in Eighteenth-Century North America: Beyond Jeffrey Amherst,” The Journal of American History » Read

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