1. Food and Authority in Colonial America

Primary Source
Smith, John Smith. “Captain John Smith, on the Starving Time Found in Opening of ‘The Fourth Book,’” In The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles : With the Names of the Adventurers, Planters, and Governours from Their from Their First Beginning Ano 1584 to This Present 1626…, pp. 105-106. London: Printed by I.D. and I.H. for E. Blackmore, 1632. » Read
Secondary Source
Lacombe, Michael. “‘A Continuall and Dayly Table for Gentlemen of Fashion’: Humanism, Food, and Authority at Jamestown, 1607–1609.” American Historical Review 115, no. 3 (June 2010): 669–87. » Read

2. Divine Judgement

Primary Source
“John Rolfe to Sir Thomas Dale Regarding Marriage to Pocahontas, 1614.” First-Hand Accounts, Virtual Jamestown, Virginia Center for Digital History, University of Virginia. » Read
Secondary Source
Bond, Edward L. “Source of Knowledge, Source of Power: The Supernatural World of English Virginia, 1607-1624.” The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 108, no. 2 (January 1, 2000): 105–38. » Read

3. The Labor Problem in Colonial Settlements

Primary Source
“Richard Frethorne to His Mother and Father, on Indentured Servitude, 1623.” First-Hand Accounts, Virtual Jamestown, Virginia Center for Digital History, University of Virginia » Read
Secondary Source
Morgan, Edmund S. “The Labor Problem at Jamestown, 1607-18.” American Historical Review 76, no. 3 (June 1, 1971): 595–611. » Read

4. Bacon’s Rebellion

Primary Source
Bacon, Nathaniel. “Declaration of the People,” (in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 1, no. 1 (July 1, 1893): 55–63).  » Read  Note: Go to page 59
Secondary Source
Tarter, Brent. “Bacon’s Rebellion, the Grievances of the People, and the Political Culture of Seventeenth-Century Virginia.” The Virginia Magazine of History & Biography 119, no. 1 (January 2011): 1-41. » Read

5. Class and the Commonalty in Seventeenth-Century Virginia

Primary Source
“Causes of Discontent in Virginia, 1676,” (in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 2, no. 4 (April 1, 1895):380-392.  » Read
Secondary Source
Thompson, Peter. “The Thief, the Householder, and the Commons: Languages of Class in Seventeenth-Century Virginia.” The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, 63, no. 2 (April 1, 2006): 253–80. » Read

6. Slavery and Racism in Seventeenth-Century Virginia

Primary Source
“Seventeenth-Century Virginia Slave Laws.” Laws, Virtual Jamestown, Virginia Center for Digital History, University of Virginia. » Read
Secondary Source
Vaughan, Alden T. “The Origins Debate: Slavery and Racism in Seventeenth-Century Virginia.” The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 97, no. 3 (July 1, 1989): 311–54. » Read

7. First Contact Narratives and the Deification of Europeans

Primary Source
Heckewelder, John. “Indian Tradition of the First Arrival of the Dutch at Manhattan Island, now New-York.” Global Gateway. Library of Congress. » Read
Secondary Source
Haefeli, Evan. “On First Contact and Apotheosis: Manitou and Men in North America.” Ethnohistory 54, no. 3 (June 20, 2007): 407–43. » Read

8. Defining Puritanism and Its Role in New England

Primary Source
“John Winthrop’s Christian Experience, 1637.” Winthrop Family Papers. Massachusetts Historical Society. » Read 
Secondary Source
Winship, Michael P. “Were There Any Puritans in New England?” The New England Quarterly 74, no. 1 (March 1, 2001): 118–38. » Read

9. Between Two Worlds: Cultural Contact in the New World

Primary Source
Rowlandson, Mary. The Sovereignty and Goodness of God, Together with the Faithfulness of His Promises Displayed, Being a Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson, pp. 8-41. Cambridge [Mass.]: Printed by Samuel Green, 1682. » Read
Secondary Source
Lepore, Jill. “Dead Men Tell No Tales: John Sassamon and the Fatal Consequences of Literacy.” American Quarterly 46, no. 4 (December 1, 1994): 479–51 » Read

10. Metacom’s War

Primary Source
“Metacom Relates Complaints about the English Colonists Settlers, 1675.” History Matters. George Mason University. » Read
Secondary Source
Pulsipher, Jenny Hale. “Massacre at Hurtleberry Hill: Christian Indians and English Authority in Metacom’s War.” The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, 53, no. 3 (July 1, 1996): 459–86. » Read

11. Indian Borders and Sovereignty

Primary Source
Two Eighteenth-Century Indian Maps:
A) “Catawba, 1721.” Research Laboratories of Archaeology. Early Maps of the American South — Special Topics: American Indian Maps. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  » Read
B) “Chickasaw, 1737.” iREL: Instruments de Recherche en Ligne. Archives Nationales. France. » Read (Click on map to increase size.)
Secondary Source
Barr, Juliana. “Geographies of Power: Mapping Indian Borders in the ‘Borderlands’ of the Early Southwest.” The William and Mary Quarterly 68, no. 1 (January 1, 2011): 5–46.  » Read

12. Runaway Slave Advertisements

Primary Source
“Virginia Runaway Slave Advertisements, 1745-1775: A Selection.” National Humanities Center Resource Toolbox; The Making of African American Identity: Vol. 1, 1500-1865.  » Read
Secondary Source
Waldstreicher, David. “Reading the Runaways: Self-Fashioning, Print Culture, and Confidence in Slavery in the Eighteenth-Century Mid-Atlantic.” The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, 56, no. 2 (April 1, 1999): 243–72. » Read

13. The Wild Foods of North America

Primary Source
Lawson, John. A New Voyage to Carolina; Containing the Exact Description and Natural History of That Country: Together with the Present State Thereof. And A Journal of a Thousand Miles, Travel’d Thro’ Several Nations of Indians. Giving a Particular Account of Their Customs, Manners, &c. London, 1709, pp. 28-38» Read
Secondary Source
Dawdy, Shannon Lee. “‘A Wild Taste’: Food and Colonialism in Eighteenth-Century Louisiana.” Ethnohistory 57, no. 3 (June 20, 2010): 389–414. » Read

14. The First Great Awakening: Christian Revivalism in the Colonies

Primary Source
“George Whitefield in Middletown,” in Michael J. Crawford, “The Spiritual Travels of Nathan Cole,” » Read (Go to page 92) Note: This document is part of a larger set of documents with an introduction that appeared as Michael J. Crawford, “The Spiritual Travels of Nathan Cole,” William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 33 (Jan. 1976): 89-126.
Secondary Source
Lambert, Frank. “‘Pedlar in Divinity’: George Whitefield and the Great Awakening, 1737-1745.” The Journal of American History 77, no. 3 (December 1, 1990): 812–37 »Read

15. Massacres of Native Peoples

Primary Source
Franklin, Benjamin. A Narrative of the Late Massacres, in Lancaster County, of a Number of Indians, Friends of this Province, by Persons Unknown. With Some Observations on the Same. [Philadelphia]: Printed [by Franklin and Hall?], 1764. » Read
Secondary Source
Fenn, Elizabeth A. “Biological Warfare in Eighteenth-Century North America: Beyond Jeffery Amherst.” The Journal of American History 86, no. 4 (March 1, 2000): 1552–80. » Read